Taj Mahal which is one of the Seven Wonders of the World is must visit destination for people who like historical places or for whom would like to know more about the historical background of northern India. Located in the city of Agra in Uttar Pradesh, India is one monument that the country take the most pride in. The Taj Mahal was built as ordered by the Mughal king Shah Jahan between 1631 and 1648 in memory of his favorite wives Mumtaz Mahal after her death. It is considered as one of the most reputed heritage globally as well, the history and the amount of time and effort behind building is impeccable and also considering the lack of equipment’s for construction at the time it was built is also the strong fact that it remains on top of the list any day, it is a great location for travelers from all around the world which represents the heritage of a different era.
Taj Mahal is one of the most prestigious heritage not just for India but the entire world to admire. Its uniqueness, when it comes to architecture and the thick piece of history behind attracts people from all over the world, Travelers who are more interested in knowing about the history especially the Muslim history and the influence of the Mughal empire which rules good part of Asia, have a lot to know and explore. The central government is the one held responsible for all the activities and the maintenance of the monument, as it is located on the banks of the river Yamuna in the famous Mughal garden the entire place is in a huge land of nearly 17 hectors. Including the arcs, domes and all the four pillars shows the amount of effort put behind each square inch of the Taj.
As the history tells us it was built by King Shah Jahan in memory of his favorite wife and it was treated with great respect as she was also buried inside the Taj Mahal. The entire monument consist of tomb, mosque, guest house, main gate and the whole Taj Mahal complex. Atwood, E. R. (2002). The government of India had to come up with a law to protect the monument from air pollution as the rate of pollution was causing damage to the color of the Taj, 10,400sq km surrounding the Taj was banned for any coal/coke industries to function in that area since 1996, which also shows how important the monument is to the country. (Taj mahal, UNESCO). As the name denotes it is a crown of the palace, with respect to all means the building, as a whole fits that statement as it is also considered as the most beautiful building on the planet.
One of the most concerning issue with the Taj is that the pollution has been creating damage to the marbles used in the building and it was found that the colour of the entire marbles used in the monument have changed because of this, a close figure of 6 million people visit the Taj ever year (CNN,2009). Considering the point of time the Taj was built, it is close to unbelievable that almost the number of 22,000 workers where involved in the construction of masterpiece and most of the goods and raw materials either pulled by animals or even by the workers. As it also involves one of the most beautiful lover story of The king Shah Jahan as the name means ‘The King of The World’ and his chosen one Mumtaz Mahal, it has its own beauty and place in the entire world history.
Making it one of the 7 wonders around the world the Taj Mahal is a statement to Indo- Islamic architectural excellence which belongs not just to the Mughal empire and Shah Jahan himself but also for the workers and craftsman behind the architectural symphony. It is now facing many threats due to many certainties like terrorist threats, environmental pollution etc. which are still facts that raise question of safety of the beautiful Taj. Even after all these years if the Taj mahal stays like it always have let’s hope that it does for the coming generations to know more about history and culture left behind by our ancestors to admire.